Please contact me with any recommendations you have regarding the contents or design of the School Safety site, or if you have questions related to school safety topics.
Scott Ezell, Safety Coordinator
Sikeston R-6 Schools
Frequently Asked Questions
|Why would a school go on lockdown?
- In attempt by the administrator to safeguard the welfare of the students and adults in the building by creating barriers between the threat and those inside
- In attempt to contain an incident in one particular portion of a building
|Where would my child be taken if his/her school must evacuate?
- Preferably to a location on the premises if safe to do so
- Alternative locations will be decided by the site administrator, usually with the advice of area emergency planners. Ultimately, the decision to choose a site as a temporary shelter will depend on the crisis and the routes available for transportation
- Tune in to your local radio and television stations to find out which site is chosen. You will likely learn directions on how, when, and where to pick your child up
|What is an Emergency Operations Plan (EOP)?
- A comprehensive, all-hazard, plan which details how a school, business, or agency will prepare for, mitigate, respond to, and recover from an emergency situation
- An EOP typically has three sections: a basic plan, appendices, and annexes
- Federal government directives, specifically HSPD 5, require federal, state, and local governments to have an all-hazard, ICS based, NIMS compliant plan
|What are the differences between a Basic Plan, Appendices, and Annexes?
- A basic plan is just what the name implies -- basic assumptions, current situations, and overall organizational, or conceptual, procedures based on the threats most likely to affect a school
- Appendices provide details on specific situations (disasters), provide procedures, and may include forms to use in the particular situation
- Annexes detail how each functional group or team will operate in order to support the basic plan
|What is the Incident Command System (ICS)? Why does a school need to use ICS?
- The Incident Command System, or ICS, was developed by firefighters. Probably the first use of ICS was by multiple agencies responding to the large-scale wildfires in California.
- ICS provides an organizational structure with clearly defined lines of authority and communication.
- ICS enables responders to work safely, make efficient use of resources, and provide leadership on a manageable scale
- ICS can be used to manage a parade, soccer tournament, or to manage a disaster scene
- Schools have built in lines of authority and pre-determined channels of communication, and so they are natural candidates for the use of ICS
- By adapting ICS as the model to manage a crisis, schools can easily incorporate their disaster response actions with those of every other responding agency that arrives
- If multiple jurisdictions are involved, then a Unified (or joint) Command System will be used in order for the heads of all the agencies to work together while maintaining individual authority over their own personnel. Thus, the superintendent still manages school employees, the fire chiefs of all the neighboring communities manage all of their employees, and the various responding law enforcement department chiefs maintain control over their officers.